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The Spinal Anatomy: Intervertebral Discs

The spinal column comprises 33 individual vertebrae, each separated by an intervertebral disc. These discs are designed to cushion the vertebrae and allow for flexibility in the spine. Each disc has a tough outer layer (annulus fibrosus) and a gel-like center (nucleus pulposus). Over time, the discs can degenerate or become damaged, causing them to bulge or herniate. When this happens, the disc material can press on nerves in the spine, causing pain, numbness, and weakness in the affected area.

What are Bulging & Herniated Discs?

Bulging and herniated discs occur when the intervertebral discs in the spine become damaged or degenerate. A bulging disc happens when the disc protrudes outside of its normal space in the spine. In contrast, a herniated disc occurs when the disc’s outer layer cracks or ruptures, causing the gel-like center to leak out. Both conditions can result in pressure on nerves, leading to pain, numbness, and weakness in the affected area.


  • Back pain that worsens with movement or sitting
  • Numbness or tingling in the legs or feet
  • Weakness in the legs or feet
  • Pain that radiates down the leg (sciatica)
  • Difficulty walking or standing
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control (in severe cases)

Possible Causes:

  • Age-related wear and tear on the spine
  • Sudden injury or trauma to the spine
  • Repetitive movements or improper lifting techniques that strain the back
  • Genetics or a family history of spinal problems
  • Being overweight or obese, which can place extra pressure on the spine
  • Smoking or other unhealthy lifestyle habits that contribute to poor spinal health
  • Participation in high-impact sports that place excessive stress on the back

Diagnosing Bulging/Herniated Discs

If you’re experiencing the symptoms of a bulging or herniated disc, your healthcare provider will begin with a physical examination to assess your range of motion and pinpoint the location of your pain. Diagnostic imaging tests, such as X-rays, MRIs, or CT scans, may confirm the diagnosis and reveal the severity of the condition. Once a diagnosis is made, your healthcare provider can recommend appropriate treatments based on your condition.

Personalized Treatments for Bulging/Herniated Disc

At Summit Integrated Health, we offer personalized treatments for patients with bulging or herniated discs. Depending on the severity of the condition, treatment options may include chiropractic care, physical therapy, spinal decompression therapy, medication management, or regenerative medicine.

We provide comprehensive care to address the root cause of the condition, relieve symptoms, and restore optimal spinal health and quality of life.

Summit Integrated Health regenerative medicine in Las Vegas

Schedule Your Consultation

Don’t wait to seek medical attention if you experience back pain, numbness, or weakness. Summit Integrated Health offers a wide range of treatments to manage the symptoms of bulging or herniated discs. Our team of experienced healthcare professionals is dedicated to providing personalized care that addresses each patient’s unique needs. Schedule your consultation to start your journey towards improved spinal health and quality of life.

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